Usage of Articles – English Grammar Tips for Competitive Exams: Article is an important topic which is asked mostly in competitive exams like IBPS, SSC, Bank Exams, UPSC Exams, and other exams.
Usage of Articles – A, An, The.
Use of A: ‘A’can be used before consonants and before ‘u’ (yu) & ‘o’ (wo).
The place of usage: A Consonant sound, Singular nouns, Numbers, Type of noun is or to be, Vowels with a consonant sound, A noun of a particular type, One of several, Quantity, A proper noun, Some drinks, Cost, frequency, Speed, Substances, Products, Noun formed from a verb, Feeling, Particular day, Season, They first of the two nouns and in Vague sense.
Use of An: ‘AN’ can be used before five vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and consonant sound like (f, h, l, m, n, r, s and x).
The place of usage: ‘AN’ is used before vowels. ( a , e, i, o, u).
EXAMPLES: He is an engineer.
The place of usage: ‘AN’ is used before a noun beginning with a mute ‘H’.
Example: She is an honest woman.
The place of usage: ‘AN’ is used before consonant sounds such as “F, H, L, M, N, R, S, AND X”.
Example: H – He is an MBA graduate.
Use of The: ‘THE’ can be used before individual nouns or already known nouns.
The place of usage: A particular noun, A noun already mentioned, Well known books, Unique nouns, Newspaper & Magazines, Musical Instruments, Superlatives, Proper Nouns, Natural Resources, Rivers, Seas, Bays, Common nouns in the sense of Abstract Nouns, As an Adverb, Some Countries, Provinces, Peoples, Families, Singular as a representative of a class, Adjectives used as Nouns, Famous Public Buildings, A noun to give the force of a superlative.
Example: The sun sets in the west.
Omission of Articles (that means articles is not used in the sentence)
1. We do not use articles before uncountable and abstract nouns used in a general sense.
2. Before plural countable nouns.
3. Before proper nouns.
4. Before the names of meals.
5. Before languages.
6. Before school, college, university, church, bed, hospital, prison.
7. Names of people.
8. Names of states, cities, towns.
9. Names of days, months, festivals.
10. Names of continents, countries.
11. Names of subject of study. (Like – He is a student of law.)